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General Wainwright's Surrender
May 6, 1942
May 6, 1942TO SHARP 3CF V 20 X
ALL FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES EXCEPT THOSE ON FORTIFIED ISLAND AT ENTRANCE TO MANILA BAY ARE HEREBY RELEASED TO YOUR COMMAND. INFORM ALL CONCERNED REPORT AT ONCE TO MACARTHUR FOR ORDERS I BELIEVE YOU WILL UNDERSTAND THE MOTIVE BEHIND THIS ORDER
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May 6, 1942BNDL DE VNDN
RADIO MELBOURNE CK 37
WAINWRIGHT HAS SURRENDERED STOP FROM NOW ON COMMUNICATE ON ALL MATTERS DIRECT WITH ME STOP HAVE YOUR COMMUNICATION WITH CHYNOWETH
UNITED STATES FORCES IN THE PHILIPPINES
Fort Mills, P.I.
To : Major General William F. Sharp, Jr.
CO Visayan-Mindanao Force
To put a stop to further useless sacrifice of human life on the Fortified Islands, yesterday I tendered to Lieut. General Homma, the Commander-In-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, the surrender of the four harbor Forts of Manila Bay.
General Homma decline(sic)to accept my surrender unless it included the forces under your command. It became apparent that the garrisons of these forts would be eventually destroyed by aerial and artillery bombardment and by infantry supported by tanks, which have overwhelmed Correigidor.
After leaving General Homma with no agreement between us I decided to accept in the name of humanity his proposal and tendered at midnight, night of 6-7 May, 1942, to senior Japaese Officer on Correigidor, the formal surrender of all American and Philippine Army troops in the Philippines. You will therefore be guided accordingly, and will repeat will surrender all troops under your command both in the Visayan Islands and Mindanao to proper Japanese officer. This decision on my part, you will (understand) was forced upon my (sic) by means entirely beyond my control.
Colonel Jesse T. Traywick, Jr.,GSC, my Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, who will deliver this to you is fully empowered to act for me. You are hereby ordered by me as the senior American Army officer in the Philippines to scrupulously carry out the provisions of this letter as well as such additional instructions as Colonel Traywick may give you in my name.
You will repeat the complete text of this letter and of such other instructions as Colonel Traywick may give you by radio to General MacArthur. Let me emphasize that there must be on your part no thought of disregarding these instructions. Failure to fully and honestly carry them out can have only the most disastrous results.
(SGD) J. M. WAINWRIGHT
SGD)ROBERT D. JOHNSON